How Dental Bonding Can Fix Tooth Cracks, Chips and Spaces

Many of the cosmetic issues patients have with their teeth can be fixed with the help of dental bonding. This commonly used procedure is one of the easiest and least expensive methods for improving the appearance of your smile. Teeth that have cracks, chips and spaces with no other structural issues can usually benefit from a bonding procedure.

What is bonding?

The application of tooth-colored resin to the edge of a cracked or chipped tooth is known as dental bonding. In this procedure, the dentist uses composite resin (a durable yet moldable plastic material) to complete a tooth that is damaged. Other uses include fixing gaps between teeth and brightening the surface of severely discolored teeth.

During the treatment, your dentist will first start by choosing the color that most closely matches your natural teeth. Then, the dentist will use a small metal tool to etch the surface of the enamel, usually a jagged edge. The dentist then mixes the tooth-colored resin until it is the consistency of putty, and after applying a conditioning liquid to help the resin bond to the tooth more easily, the bonding begins. Finally, the dentist will meticulously shape and smooth the resin until it is in the right shape. The material is often polished to make it look even more natural.

Chipped teeth

Chipped teeth often occur due to sports injuries, accidentally biting down on hard objects and other forms of trauma. Some people even damage their teeth from crunching on ice. As soon as you notice a chipped tooth, swish with salt water. Then, make a dental bonding appointment immediately.

The dentist will apply the resin to the edge of the chipped tooth. After the procedure, the tooth and smile will be complete again. Keep in mind that bonding is not as hard as enamel, although it closely resembles its durability. Be careful not to chew on nails or use teeth to open packages, as these actions can damage the bonding work.

Cracked teeth

Teeth grinding, or bruxism, is one of the most common reasons for tiny cracks to form in teeth. Cracked teeth may take on a dull appearance, and might even slowly discolor from the buildup of plaque in the fractures. A cracked tooth is a weakened tooth, and while bonding cannot fully restore the structural functionality of a tooth on its own, it can help support the cracked tooth by holding it together.

Teeth with gaps between

Dental bonding is a popular resource for those who have a moderate or severe gap between two teeth. The composite resin acts as an extension of the tooth that allows them to meet in the middle. The resin will be applied to one side of both teeth to bring them together. Bonding is a cheaper alternative to orthodontic work, where you may need to spend thousands of dollars to achieve the desired look. With dental bonding, dentists can diminish the gap in just one sitting.

Discolored teeth

Severe discoloration can occur for many reasons. For example, teeth that have been through extensive dental work can appear grey or dull in color. Deep staining from years of smoking or alcohol usage can leave teeth looking yellow. Often, teeth that cannot be improved by whitening treatments will benefit from dental bonding.

To cover these imperfections, your dentist will apply a thin layer of composite resin to the tooth or teeth in question. The final step is using a UV light to solidify the material. Just like that, formerly dull teeth blend in seamlessly with the other teeth and the smile is complete.

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